This post is in continuation to the series, open source beyond conventional software. Read the first part here.
Open Source in Medicine and HealthCare
Bitalino is a popular open-source biomedical development platform that has a variety of biometric sensors. Some of those sensors include Electromyography (EMG) sensor, Electrocardiography (ECG) sensor, LUX sensor, Accelerometer and Electro Dermal Activity (EDA) sensor. In addition to the sensors, the platform offers an Atmega328 microcontroller for processing the sensor readings and a Bluetooth module for wireless communication.
OPENPediatrics is an online community of clinicians sharing best practices from all resource settings around the world through innovative collaboration and digital learning technologies. Through OPENPediatrics, clinicians can access academically rigorous and peer-reviewed content, including guided learning pathways, expert lectures and demonstrations, interactive device simulators, protocols and medical calculators. Clinicians can also form and join groups, share digital resources, and engage in online discussions of key aspects of pediatric care.
The Open Prosthetics Project is producing useful innovations in the field of prosthetics and freely sharing the designs. This project is an open source collaboration between users, designers and funders with the goal of making our creations available for anyone to use and build upon.
OpenMRS is a software platform and a reference application which enables design of a customized medical records system with no programming knowledge (although medical and systems analysis knowledge is required). It is now in use around the world (see the OpenMRS Atlas), including South Africa, Kenya, Rwanda, Lesotho, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Uganda, Tanzania, Haiti, India, China, United States, Pakistan, the Phillipines, and many other places. This work is supported in part by many organizations including international and government aid groups, NGO’s, as well as for-profit and non-profit corporations.
The OpenClinical Web site is aimed in particular at healthcare professionals and managers, medical informaticians and computer scientists and industry. It is designed to be a “one-stop shop” for anyone interested in learning about and tracking developments on advanced knowledge management technologies for healthcare such as point-of-care decision support systems, “intelligent” guidelines and clinical workflow.
OpenBionics is an open-source initiative for the development of affordable, light-weight, modular robot hands and prosthetic devices, that can be easily reproduced using rapid prototyping techniques and off-the-shelf materials.
HACKBerry, a 3D printed bionic limb, whose blueprints and source code are freely available, has a smartphone for a brain and uses camera batteries to power itself. Most of the device is comprised of 3D printed parts that can be taken apart and swapped out.
Glia is a project with the goal of releasing high quality free/open medical hardware to increase availability to those who need it.
Open Source Pharmaceuticals: With a vision, “Medicine for All” and a mission to create a movement that includes existing initiatives and develops an alternative, comprehensive, open source pharmaceutical system driven by principles of openness, patient needs, and affordability.
NeuroSky MindWave Mobile is an Electroencephalography (EEG) sensing headset that measures electrical activity along the scalp. The electrical activity is caused by voltage fluctuations that result from ionic current flows in the neurons of the brain. Data obtained from the sensor can be used to monitor the levels of relaxation and attention and enable one to know how the brain reacts to certain stimuli.
OpenBCI stands for open-source brain-computer interface (BCI). The OpenBCI Board is a versatile and affordable bio-sensing microcontroller that can be used to sample electrical brain activity (EEG), muscle activity (EMG), heart rate (EKG), and more.
E-Health is an open-source sensor platform that offers a wide range of bio-signal sensing capabilities to open-source hardware platforms. It is one of the few, if not the only, health sensor shield that is compatible with both the Arduino and Raspberry Pi platforms. This makes it ideal for hardware development projects.
The E-Health shield supports up to 10 sensors. They include:
- Pulse sensor
- Oxygen in blood sensor
- Airflow sensor
- Body temperature sensor
- ECG sensor
- Galvanic Skin Response (GSR) sensor
- Blood pressure sensor
- EMG sensor
There are many more such devices being used in the medicine and health care industry and the best part is they are open source.
Open Source Legal Reference
Openlaw is an experiment in crafting legal argument in an open forum. With our assistance, they will develop arguments, draft pleadings, and edit briefs in public, online. Non-lawyers and lawyers alike are invited to join the process by adding thoughts to the “brainstorm” outlines, drafting and commenting on drafts in progress, and suggesting reference sources.
ifosslawbook: As legal systems differ throughout the world there are significant differences in how Free and Open Source Software licenses are treated in different countries, and it can be difficult to obtain reliable information on national interpretations. The International Free and Open Source Software Law Book engages with this by providing a clear yet thorough analysis of Free and Open Source legal matters written and maintained by local experts, and by inviting everyone to assist in improving or expanding the content.
Law.gov believes “that the primary legal materials of the United States should be readily available to all, and that governmental institutions should make these materials available in bulk as distributed, authenticated, well-formatted data.”